The group of 42 girls and 36 boys was seized early Monday by gunmen, along with their principal, a teacher and a driver, from the Presbyterian Secondary School in Bamenda, in the northwest of the central African nation. One other girl managed to escape from the kidnappers.
The students were returned to the school with their driver at 9:30 p.m. (4:30 p.m. ET) on Tuesday, teacher Vumesegah Peter Kogah said. A military truck then took them to the governor’s office.
The principal and a teacher, however, are still being held captive, Rev. Fonki Samuel Forba, the moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Cameroon, told CNN.
“Praise God 78 children and the driver have been released,” Forba said. “The principal and one teacher are still with the kidnappers. Let us keep praying. For now we still do not know the kidnappers until we interview the students.”
Meantime, security officers who visited the school after the kidnapping took away the vice principal and another member of staff for interrogation, Forba said.
“They have not yet been released,” he said, adding, “I don’t know why they are keeping them.”
Vying sides trade blame
No one has claimed responsibility for the abductions, though vying sides have traded blame.
The kidnappers are “nothing other than the secessionists,” army spokesman Didier Badjeck said, referring to Anglophone separatist fighters calling for independence from Cameroon’s largely Francophone government.
At least two separatist groups, the Ambazonia Defense Forces and the Ambazonia Governing Council, have denied involvement in the kidnapping and suggested that the government had a hand in it.
Badjeck countered that the country’s defense and security forces helped the rescue operation, noting that regional authorities suspended the movement of non-emergency vehicles as military police and helicopters joined the hunt.
Separatist tensions date to post-colonial era
Anglophone separatist fighters have been accused of kidnapping students in the country’s north and southwest regions.
The captives were “tortured and seriously injured” by their kidnappers before their release, the human rights group alleged.
An expert with Human Rights Watch has called for an independent investigation into the incident to stop all “attacks on education” in the West African nation.
Violence in Cameroon’s two English-speaking provinces is common.
People in these regions, who make up about 20% of the country’s population, say they have been marginalized by the country’s French-dominated educational and legal systems, which trace to Cameroon’s post-colonial era.
The “Anglophone problem,” as it is sometimes called, has escalated since 2017, when conflict broke out in the nation’s north and southwest regions between government security forces and Anglophone separatists.
“I have no doubt whatsoever that the destiny of our compatriots in the north-west and south-west lies within our Republic,” he said in his inaugural address. “I will strive to restore peace and calm in the two regions concerned, with due respect for the institutions of which I am the guarantor.”
Journalist Eugene Nforngwa in Bamenda Cameroon contributed to this report.